Tuesday, November 26, 2019
Greensboro Sit Ins essays On Monday February 1, 1960, four black freshmen from North Carolina Agricultural and Technical College in Greensboro sat down at the whites-only lunch counter in Woolworths. as the students had anticipated while planning the action in their dorm rooms, they were refused service. Although they could buy pencils or toothpaste, black people were not allowed to eat in Woolworths. But the four students stayed at the counter until closing time. Word of their actions spread quickly, and the next day they returned with over 2 dozen supporters. On the third day, students occupied 63 of the 66 lunch counter seats. Scores of sympathizers overflowed Woolworths and started a sit-in down the street in S.H. Kress. They weeks events made Greensboro notional news. City officials, looking to end the protest offered to negotiate in exchange for an end to demonstrations. But white business leaders and politicians proved unwilling to change the racial status quo, and the sit-ins resumed on April 1. In re sponse to the arrest of 45 students for trespassing and outraged African American community organized an economic boycott of targeted stores. The boycott cut deeply into merchants profits, and Greensboros leaders reluctantly acceded. On July 25, 1960, the first African American ate a meal at Woolworths. During the next 18 months 70,000 people- most of them black students, a few of them white allies-participated in sit-ins against segregation in dozens of communities. More than 3,000 were arrested. African Americans had discovered a new form of direct action protest, dignified and powerful, which white people could not ignore. The sit-in movement also transformed participants self-image, empowering them psychologically and emotionally. Franklin McCain, one of the original four Greensboro students, later recalled a great feeling of soul cleansing. ...
Friday, November 22, 2019
Student Essay Help Student Essay Help Student Essay Help: Your Light at the End of the Tunnel Some students easily cope with the problems in the college or university. But there is some type of students, who really struggle with the student assignments. Probably, it is not their fault that they could not handle it. For instance, they struggle with the student essays writing. Maybe, this working process requires rather diligence and responsibility than concrete knowledge. It is a systematical work that includes analysis and argumentative expression of the authors opinion. Probably, some new students will face these barriers during their studying course, but with the student essay help they could improve their skills of writing: Student Essay Help What is that? Actually, student essay help is your light at the end of the tunnel. When you have some critical problems with essay writing, you always can rely on the student essay help. It could be as the informational source in the internet, newspaper, book or magazine that describes the basis, principles and methods of student essay writing, as the writing agency, which provides the necessary information to you or does the dirty job instead of you. It is up to you what kind of student essay helpwill you choose. Student Essay Help How it works in practice? Usually, the guide or manual creates the correct idea about essay writing. In other words, it helps you to make a plan of your work. For instance, the numerous manuals throw light upon the plan of your essay. Example: think up the unexpected introduction that could attract the readers attention; add the thesis statement: the thesis has to reflect your topics conception; show the analysis of the subject; in the main body of your essay pay special attention to the details and argumentation; do not forget to express your own constructive opinion; gather all the information at the end and provide the logical conclusion. Student Essay Help The assistance of writing agencies. In case of the writing agencies, you have just to choose the appropriate organization, that has a solid rating and provide the reasonable prices for the work. Of course, it is always a risk to rely on other people, but sometimes it is absolutely normal when you ask the help of professional writers. Anyway, it would be better if you start your writing practice with own attempts. Obviously, there will be mistakes at the first time, but step-by-step you will find the own style of essay writing. Read more: Education Term Paper Outline for a Term Paper Need Help Writing a Paper Islamic Religion Term Paper Term Paper on Personal Success
Thursday, November 21, 2019
Business Law - The Four Step Process - Essay Example Consideration is anything that is given in exchange for the promise that is received. STEP TWO There are three main requirements for the formation of a legally enforceable contract including intention to enter into a legally binding agreement, agreement (offer and acceptance) and consideration (without giving note to the value of consideration). Firstly, regarding communication, as a general rule, the acceptance would take effect only after it has received by the offeror in this case Peter. Here since the system of sending and receiving messages is instantaneous, as soon as the message is received by the offeror, acceptance takes place. However, it should be received by Peter in his email system. This was a rule proposed by the case Brinkibon Ltd v Sthalwharenhandelsgesellschaft  2 AC 34;  1 All ER 293 (Beatrix 2005). The acceptance cannot be considered to be accepted unless it is properly communicated and in this case, once the message is in the inbox of the offerorÃ¢â¬ â¢s email, the acceptance would be activated. Further in this case, the acceptance had to ensure by the conduct of Sally, mainly by posting the bike immediately, as requested by Peter. The acceptance was received before the proposed due time suggested by Peter. Regarding the intention to enter into the contract, the same is usually decided objectively by the courts. Here it would be important to see if a reasonable person placed in PeterÃ¢â¬â¢s shoes would regard the agreement as binding. Two factors that would ensure that the contract is legally binding is that since it should occur between non-related persons where greater importance is given to ensuring a formal nature of the agreement, and secondly since all the discussions are in writing, there are better chances of getting the contract legally enforced. Another legal issue is regarding consideration, which is also an important factor after offer/agreement and intention. Only if there is an offer, which is agreed and intenti on of the parties to enter into a legally binding agreement along with a consideration, would it be considered a valid contract. Consideration is anything that has value and is given as an exchange for fulfilling the promise and courts would not look at the value of the consideration. To ensure that the contract is legally binding, a valid consideration should be present. This was demonstrated in the case Thomas v Thomas (1842) QB 851 (Lawnix 2012), where the court decided not to go into looking at the adequacy of the consideration. STEP THREE As proposed in the case Brinkibon Ltd v Sthalwharenhandelsgesellschaft  2 AC 34;  1 All ER 293 (Beatrix 2005), once the message of acceptance has been communicated to Peter and the message reaches PeterÃ¢â¬â¢s system within the time the offer would be available, the same is considered as accepted. Hence, since the message reaches PeterÃ¢â¬â¢s system by 4:45 pm before the close of business day, the contract is active and is lega lly binding on Peter, who has to accept it. He has certain liabilities and has to pay the consideration. According to the legal systems, email communication is considered as an instantaneous mean of communication and the rules are not clear, but would be similar to the laws that exist for fax communication, since both are sending and received instantaneously. However, the message has to be received
Tuesday, November 19, 2019
Modern Age Europe 1348-1789 Analysis Essay 4 Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 words - 1
Modern Age Europe 1348-1789 Analysis 4 - Essay Example These advancements caused long standing monarchs to search for new ways to fund projects. It was this funding and the methods France and England took that led to the eventual differences in political development. France succeeded in gaining absolute control by having a strong financial structure based on complete dependency on noble earnings. On the other hand, England did not achieve the same strong financial base and had to modify the government to achieve success. It is at this stage during the late 16th and early 17th Centuries that France became an absolutism structured government, while England took more of a Constitutionalism structured format. English leaders preceding the long parliament of 1640 attempted to run things the way they saw fit. Among numerous offenses in the eyes of parliament during the first 40 years of the 17th century were two things that really affected the future of the English government. Those two things were the lack of parliamentary inclusion on large decisions and the overall attitude towards religion. In 1604 King James I created a peace with Spain that while seemingly good, frustrated the parliament due to his apparent fondness with the Catholic Religion. England at this point was strongly connected to the Anglican Episcopacy.1 While the stateÃ¢â¬â¢s religion had been this for some time, King James refused to allow the freedoms that Queen Elizabeth had. The peace with Spain caused the parliament to worry that King James was being influenced and therefore possibly weak to a Catholic power. In fact it is believed that much of King James rule was being influenced but those near him, specifically the Duke of Buckingham who sold titles and reportedly influenced much of the KingÃ¢â¬â¢s decisions.2 His son, Charles wanted nothing to do with the parliament until his realization that without them, money
Sunday, November 17, 2019
Silence, Feminism Racism Essay The essays done by Hooks simply described the voice as an relevant tool in achieving freedom from oppression, not only for the perspective of one woman, but using the voice in order to liberate other women experiencing cruelty. This is an example of one important role of women in the society. Silence on the contrary keeps women from being in the state of oppression, because they are hindered from using their voice to speak of their situation. Women in silence never learned how to speak for themselves, and the only solution is to free them from silence. For other women, even though they are subjected to domination, they still use their voice to resist the impact of those who oppress them. Hooks mentioned that feminism is transformative. The writings of today are racist and at the same time sexist as dictated by the culture. But then the way a student reads a composition, for example a novel, the style of literary criticism may be varied from the usual cultural dictatorship that makes the women oppressed in those readings. I agree, feminism is a possible tool for critical and analytical examination of writings, and when the feministic view is inserted in the classrooms, this may transform the customary outlook of women. But as for me, the feministic view cannot be totally pushed into the minds of people but could be just used as a guide in making literary criticisms, but not an overall guiding principle in much or almost all of the things. Some of the women chose not to be identified in the feminist movement because of the fear or responsibility. Attached to being a feminist is the confrontation and many critical encounters from the opposition that would punish the ego and esteem of women. Of course, much of the views of a feminist will be opposed by the status quo of men stronger than women, which entails public critique to their feministic ideals. Hooks was happy learning many things from her teachers who happened to be black also in her younger days, until she transferred to another institution of all-white teachers in the 1960s because of school integration. Here she was always confronted because of her color. It made her think that the teachers are not willing to enrich their intellect but to make them consider education as just a form of obedience to them. Also, there was not even any subject or discussion incorporating the life of the blacks. This is one of the factors that made her decide to continue writing for their culture and for womanhood. She had made it a channel for arousing her imagination of conceptualizing teaching as a way to free people from captivity of the mind, especially the women at that time.
Thursday, November 14, 2019
I chose to study winter poetry because I often focus on the cold and harsh conditions, rather than the beauty present. These poems are excellent in making one see past the bleakness, and toward the magnificence of the dazzling light. The beginnings of both Ã¢â¬Å"WinterÃ¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬Å"The WinterÃ¢â¬â¢s SpringÃ¢â¬ mention the loneliness and coldness of winter. This helps the audience find common ground with the poet, since it is easier to see winter as ugly rather than beautiful. In Ã¢â¬Å"The WinterÃ¢â¬â¢s SpringÃ¢â¬ , Ã¢â¬Å"The winter comes; I walk aloneÃ¢â¬ (1), asks the audience to follow as no one, but the author believes the in the beauty of winter. Ã¢â¬Å"I want no bird to singÃ¢â¬ (2) sounds hostile and reclusive, and is reinforced as the author claims to keep his heart his own. Already, the audience views the author as a cold and unloved being. Instead, the following stanzas contrast with the first, and winter is compared to spring. Nature imagery, like Ã¢â¬Å"the foliage of the woodsÃ¢â¬ (25) and a white doveÃ¢â¬â¢s caring wing are likened to winter. In the poem, the foliage covering the bare trees is the snow, as is the white doveÃ¢â¬â¢s wing gently covering everything. Ã¢â¬Å "The WinterÃ¢â¬â¢s SpringÃ¢â¬ also uses words that create a heavenly image, like the Ã¢â¬Å"Christmas roseÃ¢â¬ (also known as the Lenten rose), Ã¢â¬Å"whiteÃ¢â¬ , Ã¢â¬Å"piercing lightÃ¢â¬ , Ã¢â¬Å"dazzledÃ¢â¬ , and Ã¢â¬Å"white doveÃ¢â¬ (7,16, 17,22). This contrasts with the audienceÃ¢â¬â¢s initials views of a lonely and hostile winter, instead suggesting winter emulates the look of heaven. Likewise, the poem Ã¢â¬Å"WinterÃ¢â¬ starts with a violent mood, filled with negative connotations: Ã¢â¬Å"Clouded with snow/ The cold winds blow,/ and shrill on leafless bough/ The robin with its burning breast/ Alone sings nowÃ¢â¬ (1-5). There is sensory and sound imagery of a cold snowstorm, and of a bird singing... ...ly to Ã¢â¬Å"WinterÃ¢â¬ , except that the negative connotations are confined to the first three lines out of thirty, rather than over a third of the poem. Thus, a far greater amount of the poem is used in praise of winter and the remainder is the author gushing over the beauty of winter, by using it as a metaphor to spring. He never wants spring to come, because the winterÃ¢â¬â¢s spring is better. Examples include the Ã¢â¬Å"snow-white meadowsÃ¢â¬ and the Ã¢â¬Å"White Easter of the year in budÃ¢â¬ (18,27), with meadows, Easter and flower buds all commonly associated with spring and rebirth, not winter. The recurring and repetitive comparisons in this poem effectively assert the magnificence of winter. Both of these poems effectively persuade the audience, by first acknowledging the ugliness of winter, but then using common and varied devices like contrast and imagery to praise winterÃ¢â¬â¢s beauty.
Tuesday, November 12, 2019
The Universe appears to be governed entirely by laws, studies of physics seem to show that atoms follow an extremely predictable pattern of cause and effect. This presents a difficult problem for philosophy; if all physical matter is governed by the laws of cause and effect, and we ourselves are comprised of physical matter, how could it be so that any choices we make could be seen to be free? The suggestion that our choices are set out by cause and effect is known as Determinism. Philosophers such as Ted Honderich have argued for determinism and for the consequences that it cancels out free will. It seems insensible to argue that we are not in the least bit determined, and almost all people know from personal experience that people act in a relatively stable and predictable way. For example, if I were to ask my father if he wanted tea or coffee, I would know that he would want coffee based on his love of coffee, and hatred for tea. This preference could not be argued in any way to be a choice made by him, we do not choose what we like, but simply do. Whether our preferences are based on nature or nurture is an ongoing debate, but regardless of the final conclusion, as long as our opinions are based on either of the two options, we would be seen to be determined. Nature is not in our control, neither on the other hand, is nurture. If our personalities are based on environmental or genetic factors and nothing else then our actions are surely determined. This position is extremely convincing and was famously used by Clarence Darrow to prevent two murderers from receiving the death penalty, he argued that they where a product of their upbringing and as such could not be held morally responsible for their actions. This meant, while they could be jailed to prevent threat to society, they could not be punished with the death penalty. The viewpoint of Determinism, while convincing, is by no means universally accepted. The argument seems to go against our intuitions that we are free -although it is notable at this point that our intuitions themselves are philosophically worthless, we cannot argue for an element of truth on the grounds that we feel it is true- and is seemingly incompatible with the view of a God who punishes and rewards his creations with heaven and hell. If our actions are predetermined, then it seems that punishment in hell would be arbitrary. God would simply be creating people in a flawed way, and then punishing them for his poor skills of creation. Needless to say, this viewpoint is not accepted by many Christians and so there have been many arguments for a lack of determinism in philosophy. The belief of Libertarianism, is that we are completely free; in the words of Jean-Paul Sartre Ã¢â¬Å"I am not free not to be freeÃ¢â¬ . Though SartreÃ¢â¬â¢s beliefs on free will were more assertions than arguments of proofs, he summarises the Libertarian view point perfectly. All our actions are completely freely chosen, our only confinement is that we cannot be confined. Libertarianism has the difficult task of explaining how it is possible to defend non-determined choices in an environment where all things seem to be determined by cause and effect. As already stated, if our personality is held to be nothing but a result of nature of nurture, then determinism must be accepted as a matter of logical consistency. From this, many Libertarians would stipulate the existence of a Ã¢â¬Å"super-naturalÃ¢â¬ element to our personality. For example, if one were to believe in a soul, then it is possible to argue the physical laws of cause and effect have no bearing on our actions. This does seem to contradict fairly obvious observable evidence. Psychology has frequently found causes for human behaviour, and it is difficult to explain the consistency and successes of this particular scientific discipline if we do not accept that our choices are determined in some way. One of the more successful attempts of Libertarianism to discredit Determinism is the pointing to laws of physics that do not seem to obey causality. HeisenbergÃ¢â¬â¢s Uncertainty Principle shows distinct examples of elements of nature acting randomly, and not due to cause and effect. There are two main criticisms that can be made of this argument; One, that this principle only functions on an minute level, while actual objects such as people still obey determined laws of physics (although science has proven the principle can be amplified to affect people), and; Two, that even where actions random, there would still not be free will, while we would not live in a predetermined environment, we would still live in a (randomly) determined environment. If one was to roll a dice in order to decide the actions a prisoner should take, they would not be considered free by any means. The fundamental flaw of Libertarianism, is that when we examine how it would work, it seems to collapse. As all choices are made according to our personality, a serial killer, is only so because he has a serial killerÃ¢â¬â¢s personality. This statement would suggest determinism and could only be argued against in two ways: Firstly, we could state that the serial killer has no personality, this however, seems nearly impossible to uphold. Without personality, we would have no preferences and without preferences we could not make any choice at all. Asking someone who has no preference of good over evil, or pleasure over pain, to make a moral decision would be rather like asking someone whether they prefer white to white. Without personality, we would not be able to make any choice at all, as no options would appeal to us over others. It could be argued, that decisions can still be made according to rationalism, but as rationalism and logic are consistent discipline this would make our actions even more predictable and un-chosen than determinism suggests. So this argument cannot be used to defend Libertarianism. Secondly, we could suggest that the Serial-Killer was in some way in control of his personality. That he chose his preference of evil over good. This again fails. As we have already stated, choices cannot be made without personality, so to choose a personality we would require a personality for us to choose, this initial personality would determine the personality we chose. We could attempt to argue that this initial personality was chosen, but very soon we would have to give way to infinite regression. With this in mind, Libertarianism and the suggestion that our choices are anything but pre-determined or random, is not only completely incompatible with the current model of physics and psychology, but more importantly is incompatible with choice itself (as choice requires preference, preference designates personality which in turn suggests determinism). Libertarianism is a self defeating system in that it requires an absence of will to prove free will, which would be rendered useless without will. There is also a logical argument against Libertarianism. J.J.C Smart points out that there are two possible states of things, i.e. determinism or indeterminism. Either determinism is true, or indeterminism is true, these exhaust all possible philosophical options. Determinism would prevent a Libertarian view as our choices are predetermined, indeterminism would seem to prevent Libertarian view also, as our choices are random and thus not controlled or free. From this argument, we can see that a Libertarian argument for free will is impossible. It seems undeniable therefore, that all our choices are pre-determined -or in the least part random, whether our choices are in fact pre-determined or random is largely down to physicists to discover, currently it seems to be that we are in fact pre-determined, but this cannot be assured without knowledge of all physics. Even if our choices are not predetermined, what they are not -as has been argued in the course of this essay- is freely chosen, at least according to the viewpoint of free will presented by libertarianism. But what would the effects of this be? Hard determinism would argue that we cannot claim to possess free will in a deterministic environment. The problem with this position seems to be that we have defined free will incorrectly. The view of free-will as indifference, has in the course of this essay been demonstrated as problematic, and if we adopt this view of free-will then hard determinism would seem an agreeable viewpoint, the problem is, that this seems an utterly meaningless way of discussing free will. Free will does not appear to refer to the ability of will to change itself, when we refer to a free lion, we do not mean it is free to change to a tiger or a bird, we simply mean it is free to act according to its nature. It would therefore seem to be more useful to discuss free will in the sense of Ã¢â¬Å"a will being able to act itself outÃ¢â¬ , we are free if we could have chosen otherwise HAD our will been different. This Compatibilist approach adopted by David Hume seems to allow us to discuss free will in a meaningful way, within what seems to be a predetermined environment.
Saturday, November 9, 2019
Good morning to lecturer and my dear classmate. Before I start my presentation, I would like to know something, do you all have your breakfast /lunch yet? Cause now, IÃ¢â¬â¢m going to make you so hungry. Now , IÃ¢â¬â¢m going to share with you all about Malaysia famous food . As we all know, Malaysia is a multiracial country with a population of about 20 million people, This also cause the making of different cuisine appear in this lands. Among all of the delicious cuisine. There is one most popular dish based on rice that mostly accepted by all ethnic groups of Malaysia. We all called it as, Ã¢â¬Å"NASI LEMAKÃ¢â¬ , As the largest ethnic group in Malaysia, Malay people have form out many kind of traditional food and drink. Among all of the local food, Nasi lemak is the most popular cuisine that have designed by them. Rice of nasi lemak steamed with coconut milk, it will be served with some peanuts, sliced cucumber, hard boiled eggs and a spicy chili sambal. Sambal is the main Ã¢â¬Å"soulÃ¢â¬ of the Nasi Lemak, to make a delicious Nasi Lemak, Sambal is so important. Different people prefer for different favour for sambal. As example, Malaysian Indian variety of the sambal tends to be a bit more spicy, and the Malay sambal in a nasi lemak tends to be a bit sweeter. Nowadays, Nasi Lemak can be served with a choice of different curries and it also can be served with other cuisine like, rendang meat, fried chicken, squid, and many-many other delicious side-order. Nasi lemak is not only popular in the ethnic of Malaysia, many tourist that visitor our country have try for this cuisine and been attracted by the delicious of it. Nasi Lemak of Malaysia have now become one of the delicious traditional food that famous among the worlds. This is all my presentation for today, thanks for listening and giving concentrate on my talk. Thanks you.
Thursday, November 7, 2019
Quebec and Government Essay Quebec and Government Essay Chapter 2 Time Line Project Culture and Language in Canada Due December 3,13 By: Kaitlyn Lohr 1. 1760 Ã¢â¬â The British and French were fighting for ownership of and control over North AmericaÃ¢â¬â¢s land and resources. After many years of conflict, the British defeated the French in 1760. New France was captures and occupied by British troops. 2. 1763 Ã¢â¬â One treaty, the Royal Proclamation of 1763, was referred to by the British government as a temporary First Nation Bill of rights. The British promised to honour First Nation peoples, language, and right to live on their lands. However, the government did not revisit these treaties until 1876. / With the Treaty of Paris, New France became the British colony of Quebec. General James Murray became the first governor of the new British colony of Quebec. 3. 1774 - Governor Murray and Sir Guy Carlton, who later took his place, both reached the same conclusion. They believed that, as much as possible, the Canadians should be allowed to maintain their ways of life. As a result of CarletonÃ¢â¬â¢s efforts, the Quebec Act was passed. Under this legislation, QuebecÃ¢â¬â¢s border was expanded far to the west, including the best fur trapping lands, and no land was taken from the French. Roman Catholics were free to practise their religion and hold public office. French civil law was retained, but British criminal law was established and no elected assembly was created. 4. 1775-1783 Ã¢â¬â After the American Revolution of 1775 Ã¢â¬â 1783, a large number of people who did not want to rebel against British rule left America and came to Canada. Called Loyalists, these former Americans increased the Anglophone population and the influence of British culture in Quebec. 5. 1791 - With the increase of the Anglophone population, the colonial authorities in Britain believed that changes should be made to the Quebec Act. The Constitutional Act was passed. This act divided Quebec into two colonies and recognized the cultural duality in Canada. (Designed to be fair to both Francophones and Anglophones.) 6. 1830 Ã¢â¬â Reformers in both Upper and Lower Quebec wanted to change each colony to a more democratic system of government. When demands were refused, they rebelled. British forces put down the rebellions. To try and eliminate the friction that had caused them, England sent Lord Durham to Canada to study the problem. Durham suggested that the government be made more democratic and that Upper and Lower Canada become one single colony. Durham hoped that the French language and culture would disappear because Anglophones outnumbered Francophones. Some Francophone leaders such as Antoine Aime Dorion opposed confederation. The francophone champion of confederation was Georges Etienne Cartier. He believed that French and English could work together in harmony to produce a strong Canada.. 7. 1867 Ã¢â¬â The Canadian Constitution Ã¢â¬â known as the British North America Act was passed by Britain. This marked the beginning of Confederation. 8. November 1869 Ã¢â¬â After Louis Riel (Metis Leader) was refused a seat in parliament, the Metis organized a provisional government with Riel as president. Riels government developed a list of rights that the Metis wanted the federal government in Ottawa to guarantee before Red River joined Confederation. The prime minister of Canada, John A. MacDonald delayed making a decision. The Metis had executed a trouble making Anglophone, Thomas Scott, and English speaking Canadians were outraged. Finally MacDonald acted. 9. 1870 Ã¢â¬â MacDonaldÃ¢â¬â¢s government passed a bill that established the province of Manitoba. A governor, agreed upon by the Metis, was to be sent to take over the colony. Each Metis was to receive land grant of 240 acres. The new province was also given a representative in Parliament and French was made an official language. 10. 1876 Ã¢â¬â MacDonaldÃ¢â¬â¢s government created the Indian Act. This act was to ensure that the treaty agreements the First Nations people had
Tuesday, November 5, 2019
The Lapsus Calami of Principle for Principal The Lapsus Calami of Principle for Principal The Lapsus Calami of Principle for Principal By Maeve Maddox The third time I let the erroneous Ã¢â¬Å"principle partsÃ¢â¬ slip into a published post instead of the correct Ã¢â¬Å"principal parts,Ã¢â¬ I began to worry. Why would I continue to make this mistake even though I know perfectly well that the word spelled principle is used only as a noun and never as an adjective? Principal, on the other hand, is usually an adjective, although it may also be used as a noun: principle (noun): a fundamental truth; a rule adopted as a guide to action. The desire to help the helpless is a basic principle of morality. She lives according to the principle that it is always possible to be kind. principal (adjective): most important; highest in rank or order. Dr. Singh is the principal author of the study. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s necessary to memorize the principal parts of irregular verbs. principal (noun): a person occupying the most important position in an organization or activity. Mr. McCarthy has been named the principal in the lawsuit. Ms. Washington is the principal at Jones School. According to Sigmund Freud, when we make an error in speech (Ã¢â¬Å"a slip of the tongueÃ¢â¬ ) or an error in writing (lapsus calami), we are being guided by Ã¢â¬Å"a subdued wish, conflict, or train of thought guided by the ego and the rules of correct behavior.Ã¢â¬ Cognitive psychologists, on the other hand, say that such slips can be caused by mere inattention or lack of knowledge. Knowing that my errors with principal/principle werenÃ¢â¬â¢t the result of lack of knowledge or inattention (I proof these posts at least six times before submitting them), I read further. I think IÃ¢â¬â¢ve found my answer in this explanation quoted in the Wikipedia article Ã¢â¬Å"Freudian SlipÃ¢â¬ : [these errors may be caused by] the existence of some locally appropriate response pattern that is strongly primed by its prior usage, recent activation or emotional change or by the situation calling conditions. My slip with principal/principle always occurs in the context of writing about the principal parts of the verb. And what are these parts? They are: present, past, past participle, and present participle. I think my brain anticipates the -le of the word participle. That may explain why I write the term incorrectly, but why donÃ¢â¬â¢t I catch the error when I proofread? Tom Stafford, a lecturer in psychology at the University of Sheffield in England, says that itÃ¢â¬â¢s difficult to catch errors because the brain generalizes the simple components of sentences so it can focus on complex tasks, like combining sentences into ideas. We donÃ¢â¬â¢t catch errors because we donÃ¢â¬â¢t see them. Writing about typographical errors, Freud cites a case in which an article had been carefully proofed by the author and the editor-in-chief of the paper in which it was to be published; both men were satisfied that everything was correct. The printerÃ¢â¬â¢s reader caught the mistake that the other men missed: Our readers will bear witness to the fact that we have always acted in aÃ selfishÃ manner for the good of the community. The intended word was unselfish. Stafford suggests that one way to catch errors to which weÃ¢â¬â¢ve become blind is to change the font and colors of the proof copy; changing the visual form makes it easier to see details we would otherwise miss. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s also probably a good idea to acquaint yourself with your own particular bÃ ªtes noires and be on the lookout for them. Things like mixing up principal and principle. Want to improve your English in five minutes a day? Get a subscription and start receiving our writing tips and exercises daily! Keep learning! Browse the Spelling category, check our popular posts, or choose a related post below:Spelling Test 1Peace of Mind and A Piece of One's MindHow to Write a Proposal
Sunday, November 3, 2019
THE LAW OF PROPERTY - Case Study Example 15 July 2004. guardian.uk. [internet]). In view of this common law principle, Nina and Liam in the case at bar are both owners of the house in question. As such, the two have interests in the property. The issue that has to be addressed next is the extent of their stake in the realty. When two or more individuals own a property, the same either may be under joint tenancy or may be held by the said persons as tenants in common. In the former, everyone owns all of the property and when a party dies, the whole estate is transferred to the surviving owner. On the other hand, in the case of tenants in common, each of the proprietors owns a specific portion of the realty. The system of joint tenancy is usually what is observed between married couples while those living in as partners outside of wedlock follow the arrangement for tenants in common. (Severing a Joint Tenancy. law-bytes. swarb.co.uk. [internet]). What then is the relationship that prevails between Nina and Liam over the house Is it that they are joint tenants or are they tenants in common It has to be importantly noted that the given circumstances are silent as to whether they have come into some agreement on what system to adopt except that they had talked about the property being equally theirs. Of the same significance is the fact that it was solely Nina who purchased the asset as a freehold which means that she is the absolute owner in fee simple. (Freehold Meaning and Definition. thinkexist.com, [internet]). The heirs and successors of Liam will be at a disadvantage in a joint tenancy set-up because if he dies, everything in the real estate goes to Nina as the latter will have the so-called right of survivorship. It also will still be disadvantageous to Liam in the event that Nina dies because of one peculiarity of the situation. The recorded owner is Nina and Liam will have to prove the ownership union. What if they are together as owners of the house in the concept of tenants in common In the lat ter case, each of them, as well as those who will inherit or succeed from them, will be entitled to his or her equitable share upon the demise of the other. In essence, it would be best for Liam to have the terms clearly defined with Nina by serving a written notice unto her to that effect. Things will be fine if Nina readily accepts the proposal of Liam. However, if and when it becomes necessary, a court action may be possible in order to delineate the shares of the parties and to clarify their equitable interests and have the same unequivocally declared to avoid any future conflict or controversy. Going back to the fact that the parties were not explicit as to the ownership relation that would bind them, this has to be resolved in accordance with a reference to judicial pronouncements which take into account the evidence at hand and the surrounding circumstances. In the case of Stack v. Dowden, the House of Lords resolved the controversy with a fair, logical and wise verdict. It was about a couple in cohabitation without the benefit of marriage but who however registered their purchased property. They later on actually separated. The distinguished Lord Hope of Craighead opined that a test must be had as to whether the interests of the parties were equal or not in the joint ownership. This simply shows that the joint ownershi